Mars Exploration Rovers (MER), Spirit and Opportunity
- The two Mars Exploration Rovers launched June and July 2003:
- the first launch occurred June 10, 2003 (UTC)
- the second launch occurred July 8, 2003 (UTC)
- The first rover, Spirit, landed in Gusev Crater
on January 4, 2004 (UTC), January 3, 2004 (PST).
- The second rover, Opportunity, landed on Meridiani
Planum on January 25, 2004 (UTC), January 24, 2004 (PST)
- MSSS Connections: (1) The Mars Relay system, which returned data through the Mars Global Surveyor Mars Orbiter Camera, relayed the critical Entry, Descent, and Landing data from the MERs to Earth; (2) the Mars Relay system also returned engineering and science data from the MER rovers; (3) MSSS President, Michael C. Malin, is a MER science Co-Investigator; and (4) in 2005, MSSS mission operations staff participated in some MER Pancam operations activities.
Mars Exploration Rover "Athena" Science Payload Background and Information
©2005 by Malin Space Science Systems, Inc.