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MRO MARCI Weather Report for the week of
16 January 2017 – 22 January 2017

Captioned Image Release No. MSSS-462 — 25 January 2017

NASA/JPL-Caltech/Malin Space Science Systems

Martian weather between 16 January 2017 and 22 January 2017:

The MARCI acquires a global view of the red planet and its weather patterns every day. Please click and play the movie (.mp4 file) to see how the weather on Mars changed during this time.

Martian weather this past week was highlighted by the onset of the Northern hemisphere mid-winter/ Southern hemisphere mid-summer cross-equatorial regional dust storms. This part of the regional storm season on Mars is denoted by local storms that develop in the northern mid-latitudes and travel southwards across the equator along several storm-tracks into the southern low-to-mid latitudes where they can develop into massive regional-scale storms transporting surface dust to heights above 40 km altitude. None of these storms observed this past week were of the scale and duration necessary to transport dust into the mid-atmosphere. The week began with a local dust storm that was spotted over southern Chryse, this storm pushed southward towards Margaritifer Terra by the following sol. In the subsequent sols, the dust storm reached northwest Noachis Terra and quickly subsided into a dust cloud. Elsewhere in the northern hemisphere, local-scale dust storms also occurred over Amazonis, Tempe, Deuteronilus, Utopia, and the Phlegra Montes. At the end of the week, a dust storm was again spotted over southern Chryse, potentially signifying another pulse of activity down the Acidalia storm-track. Besides northwest Noachis, dust activity over the southern highlands was relatively uneventful. Diffuse water-ice clouds were observed over Tyrrhena and the Tharsis Montes on most afternoons. Both rovers, Opportunity in Endeavour Crater and Curiosity in Gale Crater were storm-free throughout the week.

This week’s MARCI “movie” can be downloaded HERE (8.9 MB .mp4 file).

This week’s MARCI “movie” can be downloaded HERE (8.9 MB .mov file).

Earlier Mars Weather Reports are available HERE.

About the Movie:
The movie (a .mp4 file that you can click and play, above) was generated from images obtained by the Mars Color Imager (MARCI) onboard the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO). During a nominal operational week, a total of about 273 MARCI images, taken in three of the camera’s seven color filter bands (420, 550, and 600 nanometer wavelengths), are map projected and mosaiced together to produce seven false-color daily global maps. These maps are then projected onto a sphere with north at the top and east to the right and with the mid-afternoon vantage point of an observer in the orbital plane (the imaginary plane that the planet draws out as it circles the Sun). Black areas in the movie are the result of data drops or high angle roll maneuvers by the spacecraft that limit the camera’s view of the planet. Equally-spaced blurry areas that run from south-to-north (bottom-to-top) result from the high off-nadir viewing geometry, a product of the spacecraft’s low-orbit, 250 km x 316 km (155 miles x 196 miles). The movie is rendered at a lower resolution than the intrinsic 1–2 km nadir resolution that the MARCI provides, so that it is practical to view and share via the Internet. The small white circles on these images of Mars indicate the locations of the Mars Exploration Rover, Opportunity (on Meridiani Planum), and the Mars Science Laboratory rover, Curiosity (in Gale Crater). Other locations on Mars referenced in the weather report can be found by referring to the map below. Note that the still image of Mars depicted at the top of this page is a single frame from the movie.

Reference Map — Martian Place Names Commonly Mentioned in Mars Weather Reports simple cylindrical map of Mars with various place names indicated
NASA/JPL-Caltech/Malin Space Science Systems

Citation and Credit
The image(s) and caption are value-added products. MSSS personnel processed the images and wrote the caption information. While the image(s) are in the Public Domain, NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS requests that you credit the source of the image(s). Re-use of the caption text without credit is plagiarism. Please give the proper credit for use of the image(s) and/or caption.

Image Credit:
NASA/JPL-Caltech/Malin Space Science Systems

To cite the image(s) and caption information in a paper or report:
Malin, M. C., B. A. Cantor, A. W. Britton (2017), MRO MARCI Weather Report for the week of 16 January 2017 – 22 January 2017, Malin Space Science Systems Captioned Image Release, MSSS-462,

Malin Space Science Systems (MSSS) built and operates the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Curiosity rover Mast Camera (Mastcam) and Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) and Mars Descent Imager (MARDI), the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) Mars Color Imager (MARCI) and Context Camera (CTX), and the Jupiter Orbiter (JUNO) camera (Junocam). MSSS also built and operated the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC). In addition, MSSS built the Mars Odyssey (ODY) Thermal Emission Imaging Spectrometer (THEMIS) Visible (VIS) camera subsystem, which shares optics with the thermal infrared instrument and is operated at Arizona State University (ASU). MSSS also built the Mars Descent Imager (MARDI) for the Phoenix Mars Scout lander and the suite of high resolution cameras aboard the 2009 Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO). MSSS is currently working on cameras for the 2016 Origins-Spectral Interpretation-Resource Identification-Security-Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-REX) mission and the 2020 Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) rover mission.